The bluegill is a deep-bodied, slab-sided fish with a small mouth. Breast generally orange or bronze. Black spot at base of soft (rear) dorsal fin. Flexible, black earflap. Up to 4 pounds; 1 pound and less typical.
Congregates in shallow waters around vegetation, sunken trees, and docks. Spawning occurs when water reaches 67-70 degrees in shallow areas over sand and gravel. Nests in colonies and spawns once every 28 days during spring/summer. Will often school at surface of deeper water during fly hatching periods.
Worms, crickets, mealworms, small jigs, spinners, flies, and popping bugs. Use small (e.g., #8) hook.
Excellent pan fish. Scale or skin, and fry whole.